The Effect of Music Therapy on Cognitive Functioning Among Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Author: 
Hui-Chi Li, RN, MS
Hsiu-Hung Wang, RN, PhD
Fan-Hao Chou, RN, PhD
Kuei-Min Chen, RN, PhD

Abstract

Objectives

To conduct a systematic review and a meta-analysis of current studies to determine whether music therapy affects the cognitive function of older people.

Design

The databases surveyed include PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, PubMed, MEDLINE, CINAHL, AgeLine, Cochrane Library, and the Chinese Electronic Periodical Services (CEPS) as well as the reference lists of the included studies. The Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) extension checklist for nonpharmacologic treatment was used to evaluate the literature.

Setting

Music therapy intervention offered in nursing homes, hospitals, or communities.

Participants

A total of 234 participants from 5 studies were assessed in the meta-analysis, with a mean age per study of 71.4 to 82.0 years.

Measurements

Cognitive outcome domains were analyzed in a systematic review. The short-term effects of music therapy in Mini-Mental State Examination data for meta-analysis were compiled. A forest plot was constructed using a fixed effect model to obtain a pooled mean difference.

Results

Active music therapy comprising singing and other musical activities was generally determined to effect a significant improvement in the Mini-Mental State Examination according to individual retrieval studies. However, this study showed no significant improvement in the short-term effects of music therapy when all related studies in meta-analysis were combined. The pooled mean difference was 0.73 (95% confidence interval −0.07 to 1.54; Z = 1.79; P = .07) for using music therapy overall and 0.74 (95% confidence interval −0.08 to 1.56; Z = 1.76; P = .08) for using active music therapy.

Conclusions

The findings of the meta-analysis indicate that the short-term effects of music therapy do not improve the cognitive function of older people. Future studies that utilize a good quality methodology with a long-term design and diversified active music therapy are recommended.

Language: 
English
Resource/Research Type:
Resource Type: Journal Article
Document Details:
Author: Hui-Chi Li, RN, MS, Hsiu-Hung Wang, RN, PhD, Fan-Hao Chou, RN, PhD, Kuei-Min Chen, RN, PhD
Journal: JAMDA - The Journal of Post-Acute and Long-Term Care Medicine
Publisher Details:
Audio/Video Details:
Vocabularies:
Audience: Seniors (60+)
Art Form / Modality: Music