The Effects of Perioperative Music Interventions in Pediatric Surgery: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

Marianne J. E. van der Heijden
Sadaf Oliai Araghi
Monique van Dijk
Johannes Jeekel
M. G. Myriam Hunink



Music interventions are widely used, but have not yet gained a place in guidelines for pediatric surgery or pediatric anesthesia. In this systematic review and meta-analysis we examined the effects of music interventions on pain, anxiety and distress in children undergoing invasive surgery.

Data Sources

We searched 25 electronic databases from their first available date until October 2014.

Study Selection

Included were all randomized controlled trials with a parallel group, crossover or cluster design that included pediatric patients from 1 month to 18 years old undergoing minimally invasive or invasive surgical procedures, and receiving either live music therapy or recorded music.


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Document Details:
Author: Marianne J. E. van der Heijden, Sadaf Oliai Araghi, Monique van Dijk, Johannes Jeekel, M. G. Myriam Hunink
Journal: PLoS ONE (2015)
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